Connections under tension

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Axial force Fd

The axial tensile force on the connection, in kN.

It is assumed the tensile force is applied at the centre of gravity of the connection.

Load duration class

The load duration class, as defined in Clause

Service class

The service class, taking into account the temperature and relative humidity of the environment, as described in Clause


Factor kmod taking into account the effect of the duration of the loads and the moisture content, according to Clause 3.1.3.