Tension parallel to the grain

Loading Inputs

Design tensile force Ft,0,d

The design value of the tensile force acting on the cross-section parallel to the grain, in kN.

Load duration class

The load duration class, as defined in Clause

Service class

The service class, taking into account the temperature and relative humidity of the environment, as described in Clause


Factor kmod taking into account the effect of the duration of the loads and the moisture content, according to Clause 3.1.3.